“ResearchFlow: Understanding the Knowledge Flow between Academia and Industry” is a conference paper submitted to Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management – 22nd International Conference, EKAW 2020. Angelo Salatino, Francesco Osborne, Enrico Motta Abstract Understanding, monitoring, and predicting the flow of knowledge between academia and industry is of critical importance for a variety of stakeholders, including governments, funding […]
In the last decade, we experienced an urgent need for a flexible, context-sensitive, fine-grained, and machine-actionable representation of scholarly knowledge and corresponding infrastructures for knowledge curation, publishing and processing. Such technical infrastructures are becoming increasingly popular in representing scholarly knowledge as structured, interlinked, and semantically rich Scholarly Knowledge Graphs (SKG).
The 1st Workshop on Scientific Knowledge Graphs (SKG2020) aims at bringing together researchers and practitioners from different fields (including, but not limited to, Digital Libraries, Information Extraction, Machine Learning, Semantic Web, Knowledge Engineering, Natural Language Processing, Scholarly Communication, and Bibliometrics) in order to explore innovative solutions and ideas for the production and consumption of Scientific Knowledge Graphs (SKGs).
Being able to characterise research papers according to their topics enables a multitude of high-level applications such as i) categorise proceedings in digital libraries, ii) semantically enhance the metadata of scientific publications, iii) generate recommendations, iv) produce smart analytics, v) detect research trends, and others.
In our recent work, we designed and developed an unsupervised approach to automatically classify research papers according to an ontology of research areas in the field of Computer Science. This approach uses well-known technologies from the field of Natural Language Processing which makes it easily generalisable. In this article, we will show how we can customise the CSO Classifier and apply it to other fields of Science.
Analysing the relationship between academia and industry allows us to understand how the knowledge produced by the universities is being adopted and enriched by the industrial sector, and ultimately affects society through the release of relevant products and services. In this paper, we present a preliminary approach to assess and compare the research outputs of academia and industry. This solution integrates data from several knowledge graphs describing scientific articles (Microsoft Academics Graph), research topics (Computer Science Ontology), organizations (Global Research Identifier Database), and types of industry (DBpedia). We focus on the Semantic Web as exemplary field and report several insights regarding the different behaviours of academia and industry, and the types of industries most active in this field.
Classifying research papers according to their research topics is an important task to improve their retrievability, assist the creation of smart analytics, and support a variety of approaches for analysing and making sense of the research environment. In this paper, we present the CSO Classifier, a new unsupervised approach for automatically classifying research papers according to the Computer Science Ontology (CSO), a comprehensive ontology of research areas in the field of Computer Science. The CSO Classifier takes as input the metadata associated with a research paper (title, abstract, keywords) and returns a selection of research concepts drawn from the ontology. The approach was evaluated on a gold standard of manually annotated articles yielding a significant improvement over alternative methods.
Simple answer: no. However, before getting into a more detailed answer, allow me to briefly introduce the concept of citation networks, then I will describe why citation networks cannot be considered acyclic anymore. In the scholarly domain, citation networks is an information network in which each node represents a scientific paper and a link between […]